Alessandro Botticelli biography,facts about Alessandro Botticelli life,Alessandro Botticelli bio
Alessandro Botticelli biography
Botticelli started his own workshop in Florence in 1470 and joined St Luke’s Guild in 1472. His early themes were religion oriented works. Florentine Tribunate di Mercatanzia asked Botticelli in 1470 to paint “Fortitude”. 1474 saw Botticelli turn out his outstanding work St Sebastian which was fixed on a pillar in the Florentine church of Santa Maria Maggiore.
“Adoration of the Magi” was done by him in 1475 which showed
members of the Medici clan, the rulers of Florence. The portrait of Giuliano
de’ Medici(1476-77) was well known. His name was recognized as a
Madonnas painter. Rated as his best are “Madonna and Child with
Eight Angels”(Tondo Raczynski,c.1478), “Madonna del Libro(c
1480), “ Madonna of the Magnificat”(1480-81), “Madonna
of the Pomegranate”
Botticelli was entrusted with the work of the fresco
For the decoration of the Pucci Villa he did four frescoes based on
the novella in Boccaccio’s Decameron.
Several great altarpieces were created by him for Florentine churches viz ‘Virgin and Child’ enthroned between ‘Saint John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist’ (Bardi altarpiece 1484), ‘Virgin and Child with 4 Angels and 6 Saints’ (San Barnabas altarpiece c 1487), ‘Coronation of the Virgin’ with the ‘Saints John the Evangelist, Augustine, Jerome and Eligius’(San Marco altarpiece, c 1490-92).
In the 1490s he came under the influence of the Dominican monk Girolamo Savanarola. The latter’s sermons and writings formed the themes for his works on the Apocalypse and told the people to repent and take asceticism. He started adopting rigid styles. In 1480s he made paintings of dante’s ‘Divine Comedy’ . His last works include “Calumny of Apelles(c 1494-95), ‘Story of Virginia’(1496-1504), ‘Story of Lucretia’(c 1496-1504), ‘Mystic nativity’(1500), and St Zenobius panels( 1500-1505).
Not much is known of his last days in old age. His death came on 17th
May 1510 in Florence and was interned in the Ognissanti cemetery
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