Greece: Classical Poet and Writer
Born& Died: 9th Century B.C.
Homer is a controversial poet both because of his life and works. But this
in no way has affected the fame and greatness of his two classical poetical
works Iliad and Odyssey. Both these literary masterpieces of Homer are a
unique blend of poetry and tale and are based on the Greek-Trojan War which
took place in the 13th century B.C. Iliad is the tale of a 10 year long
Trojan War while Odyssey is poetical narrative of ten years of wandering
of a Greek Commander named Odysseus. For the composition of these two epics
Homer collected facts about the legendary Trojan War, taking great pins.
However, some believe that Iliad and Odyssey are not the creation of a single
poet, but are an outcome of the combined efforts of several poets. Modern
Homeric criticism began in 1795 which attempted to prove that Iliad was
derived from earlier ballads. The origin of the poems remains a subject
of controversy. They show many characteristics of traditional oral epics
and some objects described in them have been dated archaeologically to pre-1200
B.C. Whatever the reality, both these works have been of an invaluable help
to the modern world for the reason that these are the only sources that
grow light on the life and times of the contemporary 13th century Greece.